Facts of Canada at a Glance

Canada is the world’s second-largest country by landmass, and it has a population of just over 37 million people. The country is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories, and its capital city is Ottawa. The Canadian economy is substantial and diversified, and the country is known for its natural resources, including oil, gas, timber, and minerals. Canada is also a significant producer of food, and it exports agricultural products all over the world. Interested in more? Read the Canadian fast facts below:


Area: 3,851,814 square miles (9,976,140 square kilometers)
Coastline: 151,485 miles (243,791 kilometers)
Climate: varies from temperate in the South to subarctic and arctic in the North
Highest Point: Mount Logan, 19,551 feet (5,959 meters)
Natural Resources: Minerals, fish, timber, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower
Land Use: Forests and woodland: 54 percent
Arable land: 7 percent, Other: 39 percent
Major Rivers: St. Lawrence, Mackenzie, Yukon, Fraser, Red
Provinces (10): British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island
Territories (3): Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut
Regions (7): Arctic Lands, Cordillera, Interior Plains, Hudson Bay Lowland, Canadian Shield Forest Lands, St. Lawrence Lowlands, and Appalachia.


Population: 38,654,738 as of 1 April, 2022
Population Density: 8 people per square mile (3.89 people per square kilometer)
Population Distribution: Urban, 80 percent; rural, 20 percent
Life Expectancy: 79 years
Literacy Rate: 97 percent
Major Cities: Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, Ottawa, Montréal, Québec City, Halifax
Capital: Ottawa
Official Languages: English and French
Religions: Roman Catholic, 46 percent; Protestant, 36 percent; other, 18 percent
National Anthem: “O Canada”
Public Holidays: Please, see the national and provincial holidays of Canada.


Form of Government: Confederation with parliamentary democracy; Parliament consists of two houses: a 301-member House of Commons, whose members are elected by the people, and a 104-member Senate, whose members are appointed by recommendation of the Prime Minister
Head of Government: Prime Minister
Chief of State: British Crown, represented in Canada by the Governor General
Cabinet: Panel of ministers appointed by the Prime Minister from members of the majority party in Parliament
Voting Rights: All Canadian citizens over the age of 18 can vote
Independence: July 1, 1867, from the United Kingdom


Currency: Canadian dollar (CDN$)
Chief Exports: Wheat and other agricultural products, newsprint, wood pulp, lumber, petroleum, natural gas, metals, telecommunications equipment, motor vehicles and parts, manufactured goods, hydroelectricity
Major Economic Partners: United States, Japan, United Kingdom
Key Economic Sectors: Service sector, 67 percent of Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP); industrial sector, 25 percent; agriculture, 2 percent
Per Capita Income: $44500.00 (US$, 2022)

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