New Brunswick

New Brunswick's flag
Flag of New Brunswick

Formation: 1867.

New Brunswick is the second smallest province in Canada. It has around 750,000 people and an area of just over 50,000 square kilometers. New Brunswick is home to the third-highest number of Francophones outside of France. It borders only one other Canadian province: Quebec. The capital of New Brunswick is Fredericton, and its largest city is Moncton, with about 150,000 people.

New Brunswick is a crown jewel in Canada’s maritime provinces. It has a rich and diverse culture that includes agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, and tourism. It is a beautiful place that is rich in culture and nature. The capital has many historical buildings and museums to explore. While it doesn’t offer much in terms of outdoor activities, there are plenty of lakes close by where you can go to enjoy the scenery.

Map of New Brunswick

New Brunswick map
Map of New Brunswick

Facts about New Brunswick

  • New Brunswick is the only province with official bilingual status; French and English are equal.
  • New Brunswick is one of the 4 original provinces that joined the confederation in 1867.
  • New Brunswick is roughly rectangular, 210 miles from north to south and 185 miles east to west.
  • To the north, it is bounded by Quebec, to the east by the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and to the south by the Bay of Fundy.
  • There is a drastic cover difference in the land as you move south to north, with many spectacular rocky outcroppings.
  • The province is covered in forests, and the coniferous trees common in a northern temperate climate make up most of the forest.
  • Early settlers began life in America by fishing and farming, settling on the coastline and rivers, followed by opportunities.
  • New Brunswick had a low population growth rate in the early 21st century because many people left to find jobs and higher salaries elsewhere.
  • New Brunswick has a resource-based economy based mainly on forestry, mining, and fishing. Tourism, agriculture, small-scale manufacturing, and the service sector provide balance and variety in the economy.
  • One-fifth of the landmass in the province is suitable for agriculture, but less than one-third of it is cultivated.
  • Forestry is the province’s largest industry. Pulp and paper production represents the industry’s most significant single component. Several cities and towns depend on large pulp and paper mills as their significant employers in the province’s north.

Google Maps of New Brunswick


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