Winnipeg

Winnipeg is the largest city and administrative center in Manitoba, Canada. It covers an area of 464 km², including the surrounding area of 5303 km². Winnipeg is a city in the central part of the continent-shaped country of Canada. For most of its history, it has been a significant transportation hub and one of the largest manufacturing centers in Canada. It’s also a significant tourist destination with people coming from all over to see some of the best museums in North America and an excellent zoo for children to visit.

Winnipeg, Canada

Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province. It’s situated on the confluence of rivers, near the longitudinal center of North America. Its long-time motto is also called “Seven days’ wonder”. As of 2016, Winnipeg had a population of 700,585 with a metropolitan population of 800,262.

The region is the traditional territory of Indigenous peoples and was a trading center long before the arrival of Europeans. It was named after the nearby Lake Winnipeg, and the name comes from Cree words for muddy water.

The Selkirk settlers of the Red River Colony explored the area in 1812 and eventually founded the City of Winnipeg in 1812. The winters are frigid, with average January highs of around −11 °C (12 °F) and average July highs of 26 °C (79 °F).

Winnipeg is a railway and transportation hub with a diversified economy. This multicultural city hosts numerous annual festivals, including the Festival du Voyageur, the Winnipeg Folk Festival, the Jazz Winnipeg Festival, the Winnipeg Fringe Theatre Festival, and Folklorama. In 1967 Winnipeg was the first Canadian host of the pan-American games. It’s home to professional sports franchises such as the Winnipeg Blue Bombers (Canadian football) and St. Vital Victorias Football Club.

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Winnipeg, Manitoba, is the capital and most populous city of Manitoba, Canada. It is located near the confluence of the Red River and Assiniboine River. Managed by an elected council, it was once subject to a royal charter that gave its inhabitants their democratic government called “hands-off” or “separate.” The original territory of Winnipeg was 1,800 acres straddling both sides of the Assiniboine Creek.

Geography

Originally, Winnipeg was at the bottom of the Red River Valley. With an extremely flat topography, it is part of the prairies in Western Canada. Winnipeg is bordered by tallgrass prairie to the west and south and aspen parkland to the northeast.

Winnipeg is close to many lakes, parks, and the largest North American freshwater lake: Lake Winnipeg. The city has 178 square miles of land to cover, with a large elm forest at the center.

Winnipeg has four principal rivers: the Red, Assiniboine, La Salle, and Seine. These rivers have flooded the city before. The worst flood was in 1826 when the Red River reached its most excellent height. In 1950, a flood caused massive damage, mainly due to mass evacuations. The provincial government was prompted to build the Red River Floodway after a flood in 1961. This dam makes natural disasters easier to control and led to more significant damage in Winnipeg during the 1997 flood. The generally flat terrain also means mosquito populations can thrive during wet years.

Climate

Winnipeg experiences an average of 55.2 mm of precipitation from December through February, with mean temperatures averaging 19.7 °C (67.5 °F). Winters are the coldest year, with mean temperatures in January around −16.4 °C (2.5 °F). Temperatures occasionally drop below −40 °C (−40 °F).

Winnipeg gets the second most hours of sun in Canada, with an annual average of over 2300. Winnipeg has an annual precipitation of 521 mm a year. Thunderstorms are common during summer, which can sometimes cause tornadoes. Low wind chill values are a common occurrence in the local climate. There are twelve days of the year with a below -40°C wind chill.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Winnipeg was 42,22 °C (108 °F), while the highest daily low was 27,78 °C (82 °F). The heat can be even more extreme due to bursts of humidity. On 25 July 2007, a humidex reading of 47,22 °C (117 °F) was measured.

Did you know?

Winnipeg was called “Gateway to the West” when the railroad arrived in the 1880s and a boom time began. It was called “Chicago of the North” because it had Chicago-style architecture at the beginning of the late 1800s and early 1900s. The Exchange District got designated as a National Historic Site. It is also sometimes called Windy City and Winterpeg.

  • The city of Winnipeg changed from a small, homogeneous community to a large, cosmopolitan city over several stages. Except for an increase in the early 1880s, growth was steadily sustained, with migrants arriving primarily from the province of Ontario and Britain.
  • Winnipeg’s reputation as the Windy City is incorrect. Winnipeg ranks no higher than 12th in Canada for wind. Hamilton, Ontario, deserves that title.
  • Though these first settlers established dominance for their cultural and economic traditions, other groups came after them, facing rapid population growth that led to problems such as inadequate public health and providing services for their newly expanded population.
  • Winnipeg is trying to address on-request bus routes by devoting a certain amount of buses to off-peak service. The app and GPS will allow for real-time adjustments in route duration to ensure timely service is delivered.
  • Winnipeg’s strategic geographical location made it the natural focus for the western extension of the transcontinental railways.
  • The Canadian Pacific Railway opened in 1885, bringing a period of growth unrivaled by any other urban development.
  • A flood of immigrants, high wheat prices, plenty of capital, and improved dryland farming contributed to this sustained economic growth.
  • Winnipeg is home to the first ice tower in North America, 20 meters tall and easily seen from the downtown area. The rink is open for all levels of skaters.
  • Winnipeg quickly became a center for distribution nationwide through manufacturing and business.
  • The downtown area of Winnipeg underwent significant changes in the late 1980s, with new office and apartment buildings, a shopping mall, and other revitalizing efforts. Government and private funds were spent on historic areas and the downtown Exchange District, which had preserved many turn-of-the-century warehouses.
  • The 2000s brought revitalization to Winnipeg’s downtown area with the construction of the Provencher Bridge, the creation of Waterfront Drive, and the renewal of the Millennium Library.
  • The Forks is Winnipeg’s biggest tourist attraction, with public space, an interpretive park, and several other attractions. It also has activities available to visitors, such as skateboarding.
  • Winnipeg is known as the cultural cradle of Canada and is home to many respected arts organizations, including the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, Royal Manitoba Theatre Centre, and Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra.
  • Winnipeggers have a “social” event that includes crafting materials and money to help raise funds for a wedding. A “social” is often a massively large get-together, with strangers being invited.
  • The longest skating rink in the world is found in Winnipeg, not in Ottawa, as recently reported by Outside Magazine.
  • For Halloween, children are requested not to dress up as polar bears, so it is easier for police officers to differentiate them from real polar bears.
  • In the summer, Winnipeg has many mosquito problems and is home to 51 insect management areas as per their public works website.

Further readings: Winnipeg Wikipedia, Canada driving directions