Formation: 1898. The name’s origin: Yukon was first used by the Hudson’s Bay Company trader John Bell in 1846. He called it “Yucon,” derived from the Loucheux Indian word Yuchoo, meaning “the greatest river.”
The Yukon Territory is a territory of Canada, and it is the second-largest one in the country. The capital is Whitehorse. It has an area of 1,567,874 square kilometers. The population is just over 38,000 people. When British Columbia was merged with Canada, it became the only Canadian territory left in North America that wasn’t on the coast or next to a province. The Yukon Territory has an area of 1,567,874 square km and just over 38 000 people. In addition to being the second-largest territory in Canada, it is also the only Canadian territory not on the coast or next to another province.
Yukon Territory is a region in Canada most famous for its natural beauty. One of the most popular tourist attractions is Lake Laberge. The lake covers around 36 square miles, and it’s known for its gorgeous turquoise water. Many enjoy renting boats or jet skis to explore the lake and its surrounding area. Yukon also has many other wildlife preserves and parks where bears, moose, and mountain goats can be seen.
You may also want to visit Dawson City to glimpse the Klondike Gold Rush. In Dawson, you can visit one of the many museums devoted to exploring the history of this area and see artifacts from that period. If you venture out into the wilderness, pack enough food, water, clothing, and gear for your stay!
Map of Yukon
The climate of Yukon
The Yukon has a subarctic climate, the high altitude of much of the territory. The semiarid climate provides relatively warm summers, with temperatures reaching 77ºf (25ºc) or more during the long summer days. In winter, temperature ranges between 39ºf and 58ºf (4ºc and -50°c) in the south, while it’s colder farther north. The Yukon’s hottest temperature was 97°f (36.1°c on 14 June 1969 at Mayo; the coldest was -81°f (-63°c) on 3 February 1947 in Snag. Above the Arctic Circle (latitude 66 north), the Yukon is known as “the land of the midnight sun” because day-time sunlight is almost continuous for three months in summer. In winter, however, it becomes dark, and light isn’t seen for a quarter of the year.
Facts about Yukon
- The Yukon (formerly Yukon Territory) is an area of rugged mountains and high plateaus where it is Canadian.
- Yukon is an isolated, mountainous district in western North America. The area is characterized by a central plateau with some spectacular mountain ranges, such as the Selwyn and Mackenzie ranges of the Rockies, which are on the east side of the territory; the Logan, Pelly, and St. Elias range to the south; and on the west side of Yukon, the Ogilvie and Richardson ranges. The district’s mountains are generally high, especially those like Logan Mountain, which is high at 19,551 ft (5,959 m), and Mount St. Elias, which stands 18,008 ft (5,489 m) tall at Canada’s border.
- It is located in the northwestern hemisphere and borders the Canadian territory of British Columbia to the south. It also borders the American state of Alaska to its west and extends northward above the Arctic Circle. The capital is Whitehorse.
- The economic exploitation of Yukon’s abundant mineral resources has been limited due to the harsh Arctic climate and the remoteness of markets.
- In the 18th century, the Yukon’s natural surroundings were significantly impacted by humans. Settlements relied on wood for fuel, destroying nearby forests, and fires were often uncontrolled in remoter places. Surface mining also scarred the territory’s landscape near Dawson and Whitehorse.
- Much of the Yukon Territory is drained by the Yukon River, which flows northwestward into Alaska. The Pelly, Macmillan, Stewart, White, Klondike, and Porcupine waterways are all tributaries of the river.
- Summers in Yukon last 2 months but have long days. Sometimes the weather can reach high mid-90s F/35C and lows below the low −60s F/-50C, but monthly average readings are not unlike in other Canadian cities. Precipitation is typically only about 10 inches/250mm a year.
- Vegetation is sparse in regions due to the dry and cool climate. However, some valleys are forested thanks to fertile soils, and wetland areas provide the perfect habitat for orchids.
- Many large mammal species, including the grizzly bear and the Dall sheep, are in Yukon. Animals in wetlands include muskrats, North American waterfowl, and standard North American birds. There’s also Arctic grayling, northern pike, and lake trout.
- There are a large number of First Nations people in the territory. Most of them speak Athabaskan languages, but the Gwich’in (Kutchin) group is the largest of these tribes. Registered First Nations people are a federal responsibility, while others descend from European immigrants or have mixed ancestry.
- The government plays a vital role in Yukon’s economy as they provide infrastructure and incentives to private companies.
- There are a limited number of forest resources, though they are used in commercial logging. Small sawmills produce some of the lumber needed for local buildings and fuel.
- Farming is possible, but the climate and soil make it unprofitable.
- Despite the decline, trapping continues to be important in some places, as foxes, beavers, wolves, and lynxes are caught for their pelts.
- Whitehorse is the most crucial airport in Yukon, with flights to Edmonton, Calgary, and Vancouver. Freight and passengers were also carried by the White Pass and Yukon Route Railroad until 1982 when it was suspended.
- Yukon roads are most concentrated in the southern and southwestern areas of the territory. A vital highway link, the Dempster Highway, connects a point on the Klondike Highway near Dawson with Inuvik in Northwest Territories. The Alaska Highway is Yukon’s connection to the North American road system and serves as the backbone of a limited territorial network of roads.
Google Maps of Yukon
Visit this page for driving directions in Canada.