Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia's flag
Flag of Nova Scotia

Formation: 1867.

Nova Scotia is a Canadian province with two central coastal regions: the northern maritime region and the southern coastal region. The province’s capital city is Halifax, and it also has Lamentin, Dartmouth, Bedford, and Antigonish as some of its other major cities. Nova Scotia is one of Canada‘s smallest provinces, but it is still very diverse due to its rugged coastlines, forests, and highlands.

Many natural resources, including fossil fuels and minerals like gold, silver, copper, and gypsum, are found. It also has a booming fishing industry, with lobster as its most popular product.

Map of Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia map
Map of Nova Scotia

Facts about Nova Scotia

  • Nova Scotia is located in Eastern Canada; it is one of the original provinces and New Brunswick, Ontario, and Quebec.
  • Nova Scotia has over 13,000 kilometers of coastline, which means many coastal activities. Activities include building sandcastles and flying kites, walking barefoot in the sand, playing in the waves, or surfing.
  • The mainland of Nova Scotia is about 360 miles long, but it’s a little narrower than 80 miles. To the southwest, Cape Breton Island and a few smaller islands are separated from the mainland by a narrow strait called Canso.
  • The province of Nova Scotia is bordered by several bodies of water, including the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the east and northeast, respectively. The province’s northern border is along Chignecto Isthmus, while two straits separate Nova Scotia from its neighboring province, New Brunswick. Halifax is Nova Scotia’s capital and lies on another body of water called the Bay of Fundy in northwestern Nova Scotia.
  • Nova Scotia is a Maritime Province in Canada. The province first became a site of European settlement in North America north of Florida when the French established a fur-trading post at Port Royal (near present-day Annapolis Royal) in 1605.
  • Nova Scotia’s upland regions reach a maximum elevation of more than 1,700 feet (520 meters) above sea level in the Cape Breton Highlands. The essential lowlands lie along the Bay of Fundy and the Minas Basin in the southwest and Northumberland Strait. Many of the tens of thousands of acres of marshland created by the tremendously high tides – among the highest in the world – of Bay of Fundy have been turned to agricultural use by dikes, which were begun in the mid-17th century by early French settlers, Acadians.
  • Much of this region is unoccupied by vegetation, with a highland plateau not deeply eroded by streams. There are over 3000 lakes and rivers of varying sizes in the area. The most famous lake, Bras d’Or on Cape Breton Island, is saline and connected to the Atlantic Ocean with three short channels.
  • A large portion of the southern peninsula on Cape Breton Island is mountainous and forested, with Podzolic soil dominating the terrain. A small island section is covered in sandstone, supporting orchards and field crops.
  • Nova Scotia is a modified continental climate that is greatly influenced by the proximity of the Atlantic coast. The coastal regions experience warmer days in the winter than other parts of Atlantic Canada. In Halifax, on the northeast corner of Nova Scotia, it is 24 degrees Fahrenheit in January and 66 degrees in July.
  • Forests cover 80% of the land. The crown holds One-quarter of the wooded area, and trees cover four-fifths. Most of the wooded area is comprised of softwoods like balsam, spruce, hemlock, and pine. The remaining hardwoods are primarily birch and maple. Many types of animals are found in this environment, including deer and moose and birds such as partridge, pheasant, and duck.
  • Nova Scotia is where the Mi’kmaq People lived for centuries before Europeans arrived. The Mi’kmaq used the land for hunting and gathering and spread across Newfoundland and New England.
  • Acadian communities in Nova Scotia have shaped the culture for centuries, which is still present today.
  • Most Nova Scotians are descendants of the settlers from the United States and the British Isles who settled in Nova Scotia. New Englanders or Americans loyal to Great Britain settled in western and northern Nova Scotia in the late 18th century – this group became known as “Planters.” Settlers from Scotland founded Lunenburg, and some Irish people moved there. Some Germans also migrated to Nova Scotia.

Google Maps of Nova Scotia


Visit this page for driving directions in Canada.